Job loss and layoff measures are frequently referred to as worker dislocation or displacement data.
They differ from unemployment data in that they usually delineate the specific time period when an individual lost his or her job, whereas the unemployment count includes individuals irrespective of when they lost their jobs.
Dislocated Worker and Layoff Data Podcast
This podcast presentation will help you understand and find dislocated worker and layoff data. It is part of a series of podcasts we offer to help individuals understand and use labor market data. It is written simply, and presumes no previous subject matter or statistical knowledge.
The transcript for this presentation, available at the link to the left of the webinar, will help reinforce the basic knowledge needed to understand and find dislocated worker and layoff data. The podcast and transcript can be used either separately or together.
Comparing and Understanding Dislocated Worker Survey Data
The Comparing Dislocated Worker Data Surveys chart provided on this page will assist you in finding and understanding available data sets on information collected about layoffs and dislocated workers.
Worker Displacement Data
In this survey, displaced workers are defined as persons 20 years of age or older who lost or left their jobs due to their plant's or company's closing or moving, insufficient work for them, or their position or shift was abolished.
Each data release, such as the one for 2015-2017, includes the three calendar years prior to the January survey release date. The data show trends in the reemployment of dislocated workers.
For example, at the January 2016 survey time for the 2013-2015 data series, 66 percent of those laid off during the period were reemployed, compared with 61 percent from the 2014 survey. Survey results also showed that a large number of workers continue to be displaced without receiving advance written notice.
Job Displacement and the Duration of Joblessness: The Role of Spatial Mismatch
The National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) issued a paper presenting a new approach to measuring mismatch in the labor market with a person-specific job accessibility measure, as well as demographic and neighborhood characteristics.
The findings show that better job accessibility significantly decreases the duration of joblessness among lower-paid displaced workers, although some special populations are more sensitive to availability of accessible job opportunities than others.