The Lower Living Standard Income Level and Data on Economically Disadvantaged Persons

Author(s): Employment and Training Administration

Organizational Author(s): U.S. Department of Labor

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Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL) Guidelines are used by state and local workforce investment areas to determine income eligibility for youth and adult services.  Individuals must meet locally-defined income eligibility requirements to participate in some workforce development programs

Under Title I of the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) of 1998 (Pub. L. 105-220), the Secretary of Labor annually determines the Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL) for uses described in the law. WIA defines the term "Low Income Individual'' as one who qualifies under various criteria, including an individual who received income for a six-month period that does not exceed the higher of the poverty line or 70 percent of the LLSIL. 

WIA Section 101(24) defines the LLSIL as "that income level (adjusted for regional, metropolitan, urban, and rural differences and family size) determined annually by the Secretary [of Labor] based on the most recent lower living family budget issued by the Secretary.'' The four-person urban family budget estimates, previously published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), provided the basis for the Secretary to determine the LLSIL. Currently BLS provides data to ETA, from which it develops the LLSIL tables, updated to reflect cost of living increases by applying the percentage change in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U).  

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Updated Data for Persons Defined as Economically Disadvantaged Youth and Adults 

The LLSIL is used for several purposes under WIA: Specifically, WIA Section 101(25) defines the term "low income individual'' for eligibility purposes; and sections 127(b)(2)(C) and 132(b)(1)(IV) define the terms "disadvantaged adult'' and "disadvantaged youth'' in terms of the poverty line or LLSIL for purpose of State formula allotments. The Governor and state/local Workforce Investment Boards use the LLSIL for determining eligibility for youth, and eligibility for employed adult workers for certain services. 

Partly using the LLSIL Guidelines to determine "economically disadvantaged" levels, ETA has also issued special tabulations for a combined 5-year data series with 2006-2011 data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS).  Combined 5-year samples are necessary to attain a sufficient sample size to present usable data.  

These special tabulations available at the link provided include separate sets of tables for the nation, states, counties, and other types of localities. ETA has also provided special tabulations for Native Americans.  For each type of geography, there are tables on all persons, the poor, persons earning less than 70 per of the LLSIL, and other data. 

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Posted: 2/6/2017 8:44 PM
Posted By: Teresa Theis
Posted In: LMI Central
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