Virtual

Wednesday, May 19, 2021 1:30 PM ~ 2:45 PM ET

The U.S. Census Bureau and the Local Employment Dynamics (LED) Partnership in collaboration with the Council for Community and Economic Research (C2ER) and the Labor Market Information (LMI) Institute present The Spatial Structure of U.S. Metropolitan Employment: New Insights from LEHD Origin-Destination Employment Statistics (LODES) Data.”

Urban researchers have long debated the extent to which metropolitan employment is monocentric, polycentric, or diffuse.

Description

Job Density Data

High-resolution LODES data in the Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) is based on unemployment insurance (UI) wage records, and it shows that employment in U.S. metropolitan areas is not centralized, but is spatially concentrated.

Unlike residents, who form a continuous surface covering most parts of each metropolitan area, jobs have a bimodal spatial distribution, with most blocks containing no jobs whatsoever and a small number having extremely high employment densities.

Across the 100 largest Metropolitan Statistical Areas, about 75% of jobs are located on the 6.5% of built land in Census blocks with at least twice as many jobs as people. These relative proportions are extremely consistent across cities, even though they vary greatly in the physical density at which they are constructed.

Job Flows Data

The Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) Job-to-Job (J2J) Flows data set provides new insights to the changing demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of a region’s population.

Moving to a new employer represents an important way in which workers advance their careers.

However, previous research also shows that workers who separate from a distressed employer--an employer that experiences a rapid decline in employment--suffer large and persistent earnings losses.

This provides a more comprehensive picture of the earnings consequences of changing employers.          

The key finding of the research discussed in this webinar is that the earnings losses associated with changing employers are not related to the health of the firm (distressed versus non-distressed), but are strongly associated with the duration of the non-employment spell following a job separation.

Wednesday, May 19, 2021

Time: 1:30 - 2:45 p.m. (ET)
Dial-in Number: 888-949-2794
Dial-in Passcode: 1405774#
WebEx Event Number (if needed): 199 267 8192
WebEx Event Password (if needed): #Spatial1

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Presenter(s)

Matthew Staiger, Dissertation Scholar at the Washington Center for Equitable Growth