Wednesday, May 19, 2021 1:30 PM ~ 2:45 PM ET
The U.S. Census Bureau and the Local Employment Dynamics (LED) Partnership in collaboration with the Council for Community and Economic Research (C2ER) and the Labor Market Information (LMI) Institute present “The Spatial Structure of U.S. Metropolitan Employment: New Insights from LEHD Origin-Destination Employment Statistics (LODES) Data.”
Urban researchers have long debated the extent to which metropolitan employment is monocentric, polycentric, or diffuse.
Job Density Data
High-resolution LODES data in the Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) is based on unemployment insurance (UI) wage records, and it shows that employment in U.S. metropolitan areas is not centralized, but is spatially concentrated.
Unlike residents, who form a continuous surface covering most parts of each metropolitan area, jobs have a bimodal spatial distribution, with most blocks containing no jobs whatsoever and a small number having extremely high employment densities.
Across the 100 largest Metropolitan Statistical Areas, about 75% of jobs are located on the 6.5% of built land in Census blocks with at least twice as many jobs as people. These relative proportions are extremely consistent across cities, even though they vary greatly in the physical density at which they are constructed.
Job Flows Data
Moving to a new employer represents an important way in which workers advance their careers.
However, previous research also shows that workers who separate from a distressed employer--an employer that experiences a rapid decline in employment--suffer large and persistent earnings losses.
This provides a more comprehensive picture of the earnings consequences of changing employers.
The key finding of the research discussed in this webinar is that the earnings losses associated with changing employers are not related to the health of the firm (distressed versus non-distressed), but are strongly associated with the duration of the non-employment spell following a job separation.
Other resources of interest to you might be:
- J2J Explorer Tool
- New Tool Illustrates J2J Flows
- Job-to-Job Flows: New Statistics on Worker Flows across Jobs - Quick Start Guide
- Job-to-Job (J2J) Flows 101
- Job-to-Job Flows (J2J): Data Notices
- LED in Action
- LED Extraction Tool