Census Bureau Solicits Commments on Research and Development Surveys
The Census Bureau has published the sixty-day Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) notice for the 2020 Business Research and Development Surveys (BRDS).
It also outlined plans to include artificial intelligence (AI) data in the surveys.
What is the BRDS?
With support from the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Bureau plans to conduct the (BRDS) which covers all domestic, non-farm, for-profit businesses with at least 10 paid employees. The BRDS provides the only comprehensive data on Research and Development (R&D) costs and detailed expenses by type and industry.
The Bureau has conducted an R&D survey since 1957, collecting primarily financial information on the systematic work companies undertake to discover new knowledge or use existing knowledge to develop new or improved goods and services.
What are the Proposed Changes?
Beginning in 2018, the BRDS will collect new data about R&D on artificial intelligence and geographic detail of companies' R&D workforce.
There is increasing interest among domestic policy-makers and in the international community, as well as among U.S. researchers in academia, government and industry, for more data on artificial intelligence.
Domestic and foreign geographic information for R&D workforce will address Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) requests on inputs for enhanced estimation and evaluation of gross domestic product by state, foreign direct investment in the U.S., and U.S. direct investment abroad.
The 2018-2020 BRDS will continue to collect the following types of information:
• R&D expense based on accepted accounting standards.
• Worldwide R&D of domestic companies.
• Business segment detail.
• R&D-related capital expenditures.
• Detailed data about the R&D workforce.
• R&D strategy and data on the potential impact of R&D on the market.
• R&D directed to application areas of particular national interest.
• Data measuring intellectual property protection activities and technology transfer.
How Are Comments Made?
Comments are due by October 23, 2018.
The August 24 FEDERAL REGISTER contains complete background, data collection methodology, burden hour estimates, and instructions for obtaining a copy of the collection instrument as well as for the submission comments.