The Employment and Training Administration (ETA) releases its update to the Lower Living Standard Income Levels (LLSIL) annually, effective January 1st for the calendar year.
A Federal Register Notice (FRN) is published later in the year to announce the availability of the LLSIL, which used in eligibility determinations for workforce programs..
The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) defines the term "low income individual'' as one who qualifies under various criteria, including an individual in a family with total family income for a six-month period that does not exceed the higher level of the poverty line or 70 percent of the LLSIL.
LLSIL is used for several purposes under the WIOA. Specifically, WIOA SEC.3(36) (A)(B)defines the term "low income individual'' for eligibility purposes, and SEC.127(b)(2)(c), SEC.132(b)(1)(B)(IV),(V)(bb) define the terms "disadvantaged youth'' and "disadvantaged adult'' in terms of the poverty line or LLSIL for State formula allotments. The governor and state/local workforce development boards (WDs) use the LLSIL for determining eligibility for youth and adults for certain services.
ETA encourages governors and State/local boards to consult the WIOA regulations and the preamble to the WIOA Final Rule for more specific guidance in applying LLSIL to program requirements.
WIOA Section 3(36)(B) defines LLSIL as "that income level (adjusted for regional, metropolitan, urban and rural differences and family size) determined annually by the Secretary [of Labor] based on the most recent lower living family budget issued by the Secretary.''
The most recent lower living family budget was issued by the Secretary in fall 1981. The four-person urban family budget estimates, previously published by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), provided the basis for the Secretary to determine the LLSIL. BLS terminated the four-person family budget series in 1982, after publication of the fall 1981 estimates. Currently, BLS provides data to ETA, which ETA then uses to develop the LLSIL tables.
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) also publishes the update for its poverty levels in the Federal Register in January annually. An explanation of the annual Poverty Guidelines may be found on the HHS website.
The Census Bureau also publishes annual poverty thresholds by family size and number of children. Assisting low income adults and youth to help them achieve economic and career success is a key to overcoming generational poverty.