Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL) guidelines are used by state and local workforce investment areas to determine income eligibility for youth and adult services.

The Employment and Training Administration (ETA) publishes the LLSIL annually, effective January 1st for each calendar year.

About the LLSIL and Its Use for Income Eligibility

The LLSIL is that income level (adjusted for regional, metropolitan, urban, and rural differences and family size) determined annually by the Department of Labor (DOL) based on the most recent lower living family budget issued by the DOL Secretary.

The four-person urban family budget estimates, previously published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), provide the basis for the Secretary to determine the LLSIL.

BLS provides data to ETA updated to reflect cost of living increases by applying the percentage change in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U).  

States and local workforce boards use the LLSIL for determining eligibility for youth and low income adult workers for certain services.  Individuals must meet locally-defined income eligibility requirements, including income levels, to participate in some workforce development programs. 


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Key Updated Data for Persons Defined as Economically Disadvantaged

The LLSIL is used for several purposes, including determining a "low income individual'' for eligibility purposes, and identifying "disadvantaged adults'' and "disadvantaged youth'' in terms of the poverty line or LLSIL for purposes of state formula allotments.  

Partly using the LLSIL Guidelines to determine "economically disadvantaged" levels, ETA has also issued special tabulations for a combined 5-year data series with past data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS)

These special tabulations provided include separate sets of tables for the nation, states, counties, and other types of localities. ETA has also provided special tabulations for Native Americans.  For each type of geography, there are tables on all persons, the poor, persons earning less than 70 per of the LLSIL, and other data. 

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The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) also publishes the update for its poverty levels in the Federal Register in January annually.  An explanation of the annual Poverty Guidelines may be found on the HHS website.

The Census Bureau also publishes annual poverty thresholds by family size and number of children.  Assisting low income adults and youth to help them achieve economic and career success is a key to overcoming generational poverty.