Youth Employment and Unemployment Summary

The BLS annual estimate of employment and unemployment among 16 to 24 year-olds offers a summary of the labor force participation of youth.

In recent years, BLS has presented three tables on youth employment, which include data on: 

  • the number employed, the employment-to-population ratio,
  • the number unemployed (including the number looking for full-time vs. part-time work),
  • the unemployment rate, and
  • various labor force participation data. 

            CLASP  Youth Policy work and focus on boys and young men of color

Summer Youth Data

The summer youth labor force data collected by BLS is helpful for seeing the volume or level of summer youth employment.

Since youth employment typically peaks in July, BLS uses that as its reference month for summer employment — comparing it to April, May and June.  Youth employment typically begins to rise after April of each year, as school years end. 

Data are provided by gender, race, and Hispanic origin. 

BLS also usually supplies comparable data for the previous 3 years in Table 2. 

Table 3 provides data by:

  • major industry
  • for government employees at the Federal, state and local levels, and
  • for self-employed and unpaid family workers.  

For younger ages, BLS offers student data resources, such as career exploration and information on STEM occupations, as well as Occupational Wages in Animal Crossing: New Horizons.